The Story Of Hakeekat Rai



    While we revel in festivities today, let us spare a moment for to remember a young teenage boy, Hakeekat Rai who chose to embrace death instead of leaving his faith and converting to Islam.

    Hakeekat Rai was the only son of a rich man, Bhagmal Khatri of Sialkot. He became a Sikh under the influence of his mother. During Mughal rule, kids went to study Persian from Maulvis. Hakeekat Rai also did so.

    He was the only Sikh in a class full of Muslim students.

    One day when the Maulvi had gone out, he got into an altercation with them after they insulted the Hindu Mother Goddess. He retaliated, calling names to Fatima.

    After thrashing him, his classmates complained to the Maulvi that Hakeekat had  committed blasphemy.

    Hakeekat Rai got arrested and the administrator of Sialkot declared that he either convert to Islam or face death. Yes, that was the ‘choice’ offered to a young teenaged lad by the bigots that ruled these sacred lands at that point of time.

    The case was then transferred to the court of Governor of Lahore. The Governor, Zakaria Khan, upheld the sentence and beseeched him to convert for sake of his life.

   The young Hakeekat Rai asked, “Shall I never die, if I become a Muslim?”

    When Zakaria Khan replied in negative, he said, “If this be the case, then why should I sacrifice my great religion for the sake of Islam?”

    That night his parents came to meet him and his mother, Goran said to her son, “No doubt I shall lose a son by your death but if you give up your faith, I shall be called the mother of a deserter and a faithless son. I pray to God to bestow upon you the will to keep your faith even if you have to sacrifice your life.”

    Next day he was again brought to court and asked to convert. The young lad stood firm in his decision. He was finally ordered to be handed over to the Mullahs to be punished as per Sharia.

    The boy was buried upto his waist in the earth. He still retained a smile on his face. The fanatical crowd then started throwing stones at him. Death finally came when a soldier decapitated him.

    It was the day of .


  Subsequently, a samadhi was built at the spot of his martyrdom. Till the time the nation was partitioned, Hindus / Sikhs from all over Punjab would gather there to pay their respects to the teenaged ‘Dharamveer’ on his martyrdom day.


    And then some people say the ISIS is a recent phenomenon .. History might beg to differ a bit, though.

    Incidentally, part of the reason why many in Pakistan seek to curtail celebrations is that according to them, it glorifies victory of a young child over their faith, Islam.

    God bless the soul of Hakeekat Rai & countless like him that have fallen in this long running war on the very soul of Indian civilization.

    Jai Hind

Calling Pakistan’s Nuclear Bluff



So this (LINK) is what the Chief said three days back, and it set a lot of knickers on fire, unsurprisingly, on BOTH sides of the border.

In light of this, just letting out some thoughts on calling Pakistan’s Tactical Nuke threat that I had tweeted some months ago.

There was a recent spate of statements from Pakistan, threatening pre-emptive use of tactical nukes against Indian forces even as they might be in their barracks / staging areas.


Firstly regarding the preferred delivery mode – the Nasr missile. With a diameter of just about 30cm,I find it laughable that Pakistan actually has a working bomb of such dimensions. I may be wrong out here, but would be willing to hedge my bets on this account due to the fact that they’ve not tested since 1998, and are working at best, on unproven designs.

Secondly, despite a stated first use policy, they’ve been silent on what constitutes their red lines. In case of a stand-off that might play out on lines of Op Parakram, wherein strike elements actually moved in close to borders, a pre-emptive use by a panicked field commander might lead to a bloody war instead.

Thirdly, in case a Pakistan justifies a pre-emptive strike on account of a threat in being of an Indian attack, can the same premise – an imminent nuclear strike, as proclaimed by Pak – not be used as a premise for a ‘pre-emptive retaliatory strike’ by India, as part of its NFU doctrine?

Fourthly, if Pakistan Army truly believes that even a dozen sub kiloton nukes can actually stop the might of Indian strike forces, they are going to be in for a rude shock. They know it too. And if they don’t, well explains it quite well in this video below

That brings us to the next question – ‘What Next?’

Stated Indian Nuclear Doctrine doesn’t differentiate between tactical nukes or any other type of nukes. Massive retaliation is the response that will visit them soon thereafter. Given a military machine which has such strong survival instincts that it is not beyond sacrificing its own pimps in AfPak & elsewhere, or even disown its own soldiers in Kargil, to expect Pak Army to risk its very existence is a fallacy.

Lastly and most importantly, is the reqmt of making the sponsors of Pak nuclear pgme pay in case nukes gifted by them to Pak (Ref Lop Nor, May 1983 – Para 14 here: ). Here’s a screenshot from that, even though the entire report is a highly recommended read:-




Nothing fancy, but just an ‘innocent’ statement to this effect by one of the many semi-govt ‘loudmouths’ in reply to such statements from Pak would surely raise hackles in a LOT of world capitals. Given blatant nuclear proliferation in arming their cat’s paw, they too deserve ‘some’ anxiety atleast, given that India is forced to live with a nuclear armed mad man at its doors.

Talking about ‘Cat’s Paws’, had put out a BLOG post some days back about China engaging Indian security apparatus by its hired lackeys. May have a look.

But coming back to the topic at hand, once we have atleast a half dozen or so Arihant class boats prowling the seas with an assured second/third strike package, perhaps then the nuke benefactors will feel some bit of ‘anxiety’ that I talked about earlier.

Bottomline – Nuclear sabre rattling is just like riding a tiger. Nukes are NOT to be used in a war, unless it is the ‘very last’ war this world sees. Don’t do it. Tomorrow a rabid, brainwashed population may not leave you with a way out. Then you will have no where to hide.



(Oh, and talking about ‘brainwashed population’, THIS three part blog series chronicles some interesting facts).



On Cdr Kulbhushan Jadhav’s Meeting With His Family

Sharing some thoughts on the treatment meted out to Cdr Kulbhushan Jadhav’s wife and mother by Pakis, in what could easily have been a show of goodwill instead.

Firstly let us recount what exactly happened.

(a) Forced removal of any Hindu symbols – choori, sindoor and mangalsutra.

(b) Forced to change clothes.

(c) Glass partition, ensuring physical separation, as if they would have otherwise blown up the building

(d) Chappal Chori

(e) Forced not to converse in their mother tongue

(f) Repeated interruptions while the mother was talking to him

(g) While approaching the site, being forced to disembark before the entrance and unnecessarily walk rest of the distance (refer screenshot of tweet)



(h) Meeting commenced without presence of the Indian Deputy High Commissioner, who had to fight his way in.

(i) And the media. Who can forget the Paki media and their ‘questioning’ of the visitors? (Refer THIS tweet).

Btw, this was despite an agreement that media won’t be allowed close access to the visitors. Now comes the question, how does one view this. My TL has been abuzz with this since yesterday.

As far as my reaction goes, yes I am outraged too.

Outraged, yes.

But surprised? No.

In fact, on the contrary, I would have been (pleasantly) surprised had the Paki security establishment allowed the visit to go in a dignified manner. But that is too much to ask of them. And they didn’t disappoint me either.

Now the question is, where does this insane hostility come from. Of course, they will cry hoarse at ‘Big, Bad India’. I’ll not argue with that since they are welcome to their own point of view.

Over here I’ll just go into why the behaviour towards the two ladies

There was amazing similarity in which the establishment went about conducting the visit, and the media doing its own bit. This is an interesting phenomenon indeed – the way the Paki state brings up its children to adulthood, fed on a potent propaganda right from the word go.

But first let us see how it manifests itself. Here are some public personalities, those that are supposed to be exposed to media and experienced in handling themselves in public.

Example 1: Shahid Afridi.(WSJ Article   Afridi: Indians have smaller hearts than Pakistanis)

Quote, ‘If I speak truthfully, they just can’t have the kind of heart a Muslim has or a Pakistani has. I think they don’t have the sort of big hearts, pure hearts, Allah has given us.’

Btw, this is the same Afridi one of whose cousins was dispatched by the BSF in Kashmir in 2003 (LINK)
Then there was another international cricketer, Shri Sohail Tanveer and his reasoning at not being selected for IPL in 2009 – Hinduon Ki Zehniyat Hi Aisi Hai
The small issue of Mumbai Terror Attack didn’t figure, though!
What is interesting in the above video is not merely the choice of words by Tanveer, but the wholehearted endorsement by the female anchor and the subsequent question by the journo – ‘Didn’t you know about Hindu Baniya – Muh Men Raam Raam Bagal Mein Chhuri?’
Moving on, here is a Paki comedy show where the word ‘Hindu Kutta’ not only comes out matter of factly but also elicits a wholehearted laughter from the audience
And if you think that the ‘Hindu Kutta’ thing is a one off event in a comedy show, you couldn’t be more mistaken! Late JN Dixit, during his tenure in the Indian High Commission in Pakistan was given a live demonstration, that too by a six year old child!

Here’s the source of the above screenshot:

A six year old child.

Let that sink in a bit.

A kid of someone definitely high up in the Paki establishment / society.

A kid not yet old enough to make her own opinions.

A kid with her mind poisoned by her parents

We talk about madrassas as incubators of hate, right?
Here is what the state sanctioned school curriculum teaches little children in Pakistan.
These are a couple screenshots from the blog post linked above.

Last two points in the above list beg a closer scrutiny.

Point 17: Hindu has always been an enemy of Islam.

I think the previous 19 tweets have enough examples of how it manifests in the current Paki discourse. And no, it is not just a fringe that holds this point of view. Those that think so are being ostriches. It is how the Pakistani state brings up its children.

In fact, in 2004 the Information Minister of the Govt of Pakistan was forced to apologise to the religious parties in the National Assembly after the Education Minister questioned the relevance of verses glorifying Jihad in Class XI Biology textbooks! (LINK)

Coming back to the screenshots in tweet number 20 above.
Point number 16: After 1965 war India conspired with the Hindus of Bengal & succeeded in spreading hate among the Bengalis about West Pakistan and finally attacked East Pakistan in Dec 71, thus causing the breakup of East and West Pakistan.
Very cute, I must say!
Propaganda by a defeated army to still justify its relevance in national discourse is understandable. But when that propaganda becomes the national discourse itself, this is what happens.
Can one really blame this person for saying what he says? And this despite his OWN govt releasing a stamp with the figure of 93,000?
At some level, one does find sympathy for this one being brought up in an environment that hides the truth and works up the hatred inside him in order to shirk it’s own failures.
But sympathy won’t work because we are too far down the road of lies and hatred.
Here’s just one example of this dysfunctional state – An dastardly attack on school children, owned up by a local terror outfit.
But no, it was India that did it!
No introspection needed when such a convenient enemy is available.
This poster in the funeral prayer for the children says ‘The blood of children will result in fall of India, US, Israel’
Well, then, all the best to you, I say.
A word about the all powerful army that has ruled Pakistan very nearly since its inception. People tend to say, that the army is the only bastion left that is preventing a fall of a nuclear armed Pakistan into chaos.
I’d beg to differ a bit
It is the fauj that has led Pakistan down the abyss it stares at today. Sane minds in the Khakis, you said? Just read this piece
The Brigadier in question had direct access to PM Benazir Bhutto.
Here’s a quote from the Brigadier – “We should fire at them and take out a few of their cities—Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta,” he said. “They should fire back and take Karachi and Lahore. Kill off a hundred or two hundred million people…….”
Some more on the ‘sane’ minds of the Paki Fauj. Here’s a snap of former DG ISI, Lt Gen Hamid Gul sharing a stage with Hafiz Saeed
’nuff said!
With ppl like these virtually running the country, can one really blame its common folks for their particular world view?
Everything is justified by ‘Indian Terror’.
No going into details, not questioning anyone.
One word answer – Indian Terror!






Lastly, a word about the so called Track II intellectuals.


Here is one sample. The question of “ill treatment” (note the double quotes) is easily brushed aside by ‘But India Also So Bad’.


This one justifies the humiliation of a wife and a mother by the diplomatic engagements and denial of the ‘god given right’ for Paki artists and sportspersons to make money off India and yet continue spewing venom!




Btw, ‘s TL as on 27 Dec 17 has a very interesting conversation with her.


She is a ‘liberal’, by the way.


Oh, and talking about Paki artists / sportspersons, HERE is a short, 13 tweet thread on they mooching off Indian money and supporting terror inside India. Some very interesting data points in there.

Do Read

I insist again

In the end, I’ll repeat what I said earlier. Despite all their reluctance, this was a god given opportunity for the Paki establishment to come out as a bunch of pragmatic folks.

But like I said, I am not surprised that they made a complete spectacle of it instead.

Regarding Cdr Kulbhushan Jadhav, I will just repeat what I said some months ago.


I doubt he will breathe a free man again.

I’ll be glad if he does, but I doubt.

On Aurangzeb

1. Firman issued by to convert Hindus. Rs 4 for a Hindu male Rs 2 for a female. Dated: 7 Apr 1685



2. If Devi Chand, Zamindar of Manoharpur, who’s in prison, becomes Muslim, better for him. Else he be killed.

(Darbar Khan was ordered (by Aurangzeb) to send a parwanah to Ihatmam Khan, Kotwal of Garhvitli (at Ajmer) with above instructions)



3. Shaikh Abdul Momin, Faujdar of Bithur, wrote he had converted 150 Hindus & had given them saropas and cash. ‘Go on giving them’, replied Aurangzeb



4. Aurangzeb’s order for demolishing the temple at Goner(Amber) Siyaha Akhbarat-i-Darbar-i-Mu’alla Julus, 28 Mar 1686.



5. Demolition of Bindu-Madhav Temple at Banaras. Siyah Akhbarat-i-Darbar-i- Mu’alla Julus 26, Ramzan 20 / 13 Sep 1682



6. Orders to Jawahar Chand, Daroga of the beldars, that whichever temples come in the way of the Emperor be demolished.



7. Orders 4 demolition of Jagannath Temple, Orissa Siyah Akhbarat-i-Darbar-i-Mu’alla Julus 24,Jamadi I, 23 / 01 Jun1681



8. Orders for the destruction of temples on the bank of Maharana’s lake, Udaipur. 23rd December 1679.



9. Painting: Demolition of Keshava Rai temple at Mathura. (13th January / 11th February 1670)



10. Proclamations of the demolition of the temple of Kashi Vishwanath (Banaras), August 1669 A.D. Gyanvapi Mosque stands there today




11. Even to look at a temple is a sin for a Musalman -Aurangzeb. Umurat-i-Hazur Kishwar-Kashai Julus / 13 Oct 1666



12. Demolition of Kalka’s Temple near Delhi – I. Siyah Waqa’i- Darbar Regnal Year 10, Rabi I, 23 / 3 Sep 1667.



13. General Order by Aurangzeb for the Destruction of Temples. (9th April 1669)



14. Aurangzeb also ordered to demolish 8-10 Century LaxmiNarayan temple in Chamba, HP. Temple museum still have the Farman from Aurangzeb.




Serials 1-13:

Serial 14:

Maj Somnath Sharma, PVC (P) and The Battle of Badgam


Maj Somnath Sharma, Param Vir Chakra (Posthumous)

    This man above became immortal this day in 1947. Recounting his last day alive in this blog post.

    Maj Somnath was a veteran of bitter battles in Arakan in WW2 His right arm was still in plaster due to a hockey injury


(Photograph: Maj Somnath Sharma at Srinagar Airfield. Possibly his last photo ever)

    Ignoring medical advice, he had bulldozed his way into joining his own Company as it flew into the Valley on 01 Nov 1947.



    At 0800Hr on 03 Nov 1947, Maj Somnath Sharma, 4Kumaon & Capt Ronnie Wood, 1Kumaon reported to HQ 161 Brigade to discuss the day’s patrol pgme. Consequent to the discussions, 2 Companies of 4Kumaon moved out on a patrol towards Badgam, followed shortly by another company of 1 Kumaon.

    The Company of 1Kumaon subsequently moved on towards Magam and thereafter returned to the airfield at about 1 pm. That done, Maj Somnath was also ordered to start thinning out. At 2pm, one Company of 4 Kumaon moved back. Maj Somnath reported that all was quiet with villagers going about their daily business.

    Little did he know that there was a huge force of raiders was gathering in the vicinity, trying to skirt the Pattan route blocked by 1 Sikh. Had the 2nd Company too moved back at 2pm, route to airfield would have been unguarded.

    Too bad for the enemy, it wasn’t so. At about 1430Hr, Maj Somnath reported that he was under ineffective, long range fire from ppl located in houses in Badgam Village but he wasn’t returning the fire for the fear of hurting innocent villagers.

    Suddenly, a large force appeared in front. A full scale frontal attack was now underway on his location, with the Kumaonis hugely outnumbered by the enemy. The firing from the houses in Badgam had just been a distraction as the main force of raiders built up on a different flank. A militarily brilliant plan, but for one small fact – the Kumaonis under Maj Somnath Sharma refused to play by their rules

    The tenacious Kumaonis, under their gutsy leader, dug in and refused to cede any ground to their uninvited ‘guests’. An epic battle followed, upon which would hinge the fate of the entire campaign – If the raiders captured the airfield, all would be lost and the troops ahead would be outflanked.

    Upon the Kumaonis rested the fate of the Valley this day. And they rose to the occasion, ensuring that the airfield would not fall .. not this day, not on their watch in any case.

    Maj Somnath reported that he was engaging the enemy with all he had, but he was outnumbered & enemy was gaining ground. Even as automatics and mortars rained deadly fire on them & covered the advancing enemy, Somnath rallied his boys and they fought back like men possessed, inflicting serious casualties on the raiders, losing their own too, in the process.

    Soon 161 Brigade would receive his last transmission from battlefield, that would define the last stand of Maj Somnath Sharma. He radioed, “The enemy are only 50yards from us. We are heavily outnumbered. We are under devastating fire. I shall not withdraw an inch but will fight to the last man & last round.”

    Immortal last words by the Paramveer who went down shortly thereafter.

    By the time the epic Battle of Badgam was over,less than 100 Kumaonis had held back nearly 700 raiders & saved the airfield. The Kumaonis lost 15 killed, including Maj Somnath Sharma and 26 wounded. 1 ammo truck too was looted by enemy but they failed their objective,losing many more than they killed.

    This was the closest they would get to the Airfield. EVER

    In evening, 1 Punjab moved double quick to take up more blocking positions to secure the airfield. Now at night,they waited. The airfield was still vulnerable. Another determined attack by the enemy, and it could still fall .. especially at night.
      Yet the enemy failed to make good this opportunity of a lifetime.
    Reason? Khurshid, the leader of that party was injured in the leg by a bullet. Leaderless, the Pathans dithered on further course of action.
    Ironically, Maj Somnath Sharma had saved the airfield not only in the afternoon, but at night too by leaving the raiders leaderless. So much so, that on return to Karachi, Khurshid – the leader of the raiders in that batlle – stated that he’d run into an entire Indian Brigade and ROUTED it, when it was just one company of less than 100 troops that he’d encountered! A few months later, he died, possibly of the same wound.
    Atleast now he could reconcile the Indians’ strength with his Maker
    Maj Somnath’s body was recovered after three days, once the situation had stabilized. Disfigured beyond recognition, it was identified by the few pages of the Bhagwad Gita that he always kept in his pocket & his empty pistol holster.
  He had lived, and died by the code of the warrior. And claimed for himself the first Param Vir Chakra awarded by the nation.
NDTV Thread
(Screenshot of Maj Somnath Sharma’s PVC Citation. Source: Wikipedia)
(Above Link is of the story of Maj Somnath Sharma, PVC (P), telecast in the 80s in the TV series ‘Param Vir Chakra’)
    God bless him and his men that fell that afternoon, 70 years ago.
    Let their story never be forgotten. Ever.


On Twitter Trends in Pakistan


    So @gauravcsawant put out this above tweet some weeks ago. Something similar had been playing on my mind too for a while. Social media as a force came into its own in the 2014 general elections. And with that come the dirty tricks associated with influencing minds.

    Once again, I may be totally wrong out here, but it is a matter of what you want to believe Vs what you want to laugh away as a matter of someone’s fertile imagination. But here goes ..

    I started putting default location for trends on my twitter profile as Pakistan some time ago, on a whim. What it has led to is quite a .. let me call it ‘fascinating’ observation every once in a while. The trigger was trending in Pakistan on 08 Nov 15, soon after Bihar Assembly Election results were announced.

paki trends 08 nov 15.jpg

    Interesting, no? Hashtags like and such likes keep popping up out there every once in a while. But ? Yes, , because the BJP / NDA lost and the left leaning media went into a celebratory frenzy!

    What one inferred from this was (strictly my personal opinion, btw) that atleast some of the so called ‘secular’ handles were based out of Pakistan, or had in fact, ‘outsourced’ some of the outrage industry over there. The next example came soon thereafter.

    Aurangzeb Road in Delhi was renamed, sparking another outrage from so called seculars. And ‘Lok Kalyan Marg’ trends in Pak!


    It took a while for subsequent examples since I was no longer looking. Next one came by in August 2017. Gurmeet Ram Rahim was arrested and much of Punjab – Haryana went into a tizzy. Social Media was up in arms against the government of the day, and right on cue, starts trending in Pak too!

Gurmeet Ram Rahim trending in Pak on 28-29 Aug 17

    Guess, Pakis too were quite ‘concerned’ about the law and order situation inside India, apparently! Or maybe they were just adding fuel to fire in perfect sync with the ‘secular’ ecosystem out here? Your call.

    Move ahead a week or so, and a journalist in Bangalore is murdered. Almost instantaneously, a call goes out in the secular media that it is the handiwork of ‘Hindu Terrorists’, some even creating fictitious Hindu groups that might have done it, and the social media world is on fire. Oh, btw ‘Gauri Lankesh’ also starts trending in Pak on 06 Sep!


06 Sep 17. 2130Hr

       I say coincidence because a country where journalism is one of the more ‘dangerous’ professions (‘More journalists killed in Pakistan than any other democracy’) is suddenly & overwhelmingly .’concerned’ about the murder of a journo in India! So much so that was again trending in Pak on 9 Sep!

09 Sep 2300Hr Gauri Lankesh Murder

    Fast forward another week, and Amnesty International releases its report on use of pellet guns by Indian forces in Kashmir.

    Remember pellet guns? And the ‘randi rona’ that seculars created because it was quite an effective crowd control tool to keep Pak sponsored stone pelters in check?

    Well, the same randi rona started again, this time on BOTH sides of the border!

    And soon was trending in Pak! Interestingly, the tweets associated were quite similar on both sides too!

17 sep 17 1338Hr On Pellet Guns

    Two days later came the hashtag. Quite normal actually, since such juvenile hashtags keep coming up every few weeks. Except that quite a bunch of tweets were STILL about the topics mentioned earlier in this blog post.

19 Sep 17 2134Hr.PNG

    Point is, it might just be a flight of fancy that I have posted above, but then, I thought I might as well put it out here. Generally speaking, the Leftist ‘secular’ ecosystem over here and Pakis do tend to ‘agree’ on a few matters of opinion.
    Why else would a handle called Pakistan Defence be interested in a protest march for a murdered journo in Bangalore?
    This screenshot, I offer without any comments.
    And before I sign off on this blog post for the time being, just try and recollect the narrative on the incident in Pakistan as well as the ‘secular’ ecosystem within India.
    ’nuff said.

The Bloody Battle of Sabraon



     10 Feb 1846 – A 60yr old Khalsa General, Sham Singh Attariwala donned white clothes depicting the pure attire of one devoted to death, as he rode into what he knew was his last battle. Some time earlier, he had dismissed his servants and told them to return to his village with orders to tell his family that he would not be coming home.

     Mounted on his sturdy white horse,Sham Singh spurred forward at the head of his Khalsa contingent, into the ranks of the 50th Regiment of the British army facing him. The Khalsas fought like men possessed, in a battle for the future of their very lands. Ironically, Sabraon and nearby areas were the scene of another epic battle some two millennia ago when Alexander, in his lust to reach the rich lands of India, fed by life giving waters of its holy rivers, clashed with the native armies under similar circumstances.


     The battle was a bloody affair. No quarters were asked for, and none were given. Grossly outnumbered, the Khalsas gave an excellent account of themselves. However, at a critical stage of battle, Misr Tej Singh fled back across the Sutlej with his men, destroying part of the bridge in his wake. Far from being disheartened by this treachery, Sham Singh, along with the last 50 of his men made a spirited charge against the advancing British army.

     Needless to say, each and every one of the Khalsas were martyred. In the words of Andrews Adam, “Thus saw the Battle of Sabraon the basest treachery of all opportunists on one hand, and the shining heroism of noble patriots on the other.” Unquote.

     In the evening, after the battle was over, Sikhs swam across the river and recovered Sham Singh Attariwala and his men’s bodies. The General’s mortal remains were found ‘where the dead lay thickest.’ The victors too were suitably awed by this ferocious enemy.

     JD Cunninghan wrote, “Gradually each defensible position was captured & the enemy was forced towards the river; yet; although assailed from all sides, no Sikh offered to submit, and no disciple of (Guru) Gobind (Singh) asked for quarter They,everywhere, showed a front to the victors, and stalked slowly and sullenly away, while many rushed singly forth to meet assured death by contending with a multitude. The victors looked with solid wonderment upon the indomitable courage of the vanquished, and forebore to strike when the helpless and the dying frowned unavailing hatred.” Unquote.

     Hugh Gough, the British commander-in-chief, under whose leadership the two Anglo-Sikh wars were fought, described Sabraon as the ”Waterloo” of India. Paying tribute to the gallantry of the Sikhs, he said: “Policy precluded me publicly recording my sentiments on the splendid gallantry of our fallen foe, or to record the acts of heroism displayed, not only individually, but almost collectively, by the Sikh sardars and the army; and I declare were it not from a deep conviction that my country’s good required the sacrifice, I could have wept to have witnessed the fearful slaughter of so devoted a body of men“. Unquote.

     Lord Hardinge, who saw the action, wrote: “Few escaped; none, it may be said, surrendered. The Sikhs met their fate with the resignation which distinguishes their race” Unquote.

     The Khalsas planted a standard on the battlefield that day which stands even today. Assured victory was turned into defeat by the treachery of one of our own. Else the history, and the present of this nation might have been much different. Sham Singh Attariwala was cremated at his native village on 12 Feb 1846.

Shah Mohammed immortalized Sham Singh and his men’s last stand as:

     ‘They squeezed the blood out of the Whites

     As one squeezes juice out of a lemon

     If only Ranjit Singh were there,

     He would have been proud to see, 

     How the Khalsa wielded their swords.

     Oh Shah Mohammad, without Ranjit Singh, such was our plight

     We won the battles, but lost the fight.


Former COAS, Gen JJ Singh pays respects to Gen Sham Singh Attariwala on his martyrdom anniversary, Amritsar, 10 Feb 2016
Punjab Police pays tributes to Gen Sham Singh on his 169th martyrdom day at India Gate, Amritsar, 2015.